Universal Life Insurance differs from standard Whole Life Insurance in that you decide how much you want to put in over and above a minimum premium. The company chooses the investment vehicle, which is generally restricted to bonds and mortgages. The investment and the returns go into a cash-value account, which you can use against premiums or allow to build.
Universal Life Insurance distinguishes and itemizes the protection element (death benefit), the expense element, and the cash values element. By separating the three elements, the insurance company can build more flexibility into the life insurance policy. This flexibility allows (within certain guidelines) the life insurance policy owner to modify the face amount or the premium in response to changing needs and circumstances.
Premiums are credited to the policy as they are paid. Most plans deduct certain administrative charges from the premium before crediting the balance to the policy value as net premiums.
Most policies also have a decreasing surrender charge which is deducted from the cash value if the policy is surrendered. This feature allows the insurance company to recover certain expenses which are associated with the issue of the policy. The surrender value is the cash value less any applicable surrender charge.
Age 100 level guaranteed life insurance offers a guaranteed level premium to age 100, along with a guaranteed level death benefit to age 100. Most often, this is accomplished within a Universal Life policy, with the addition of a feature commonly known as a "no-lapse rider". Some, but not all, of these plans also include an "extension of maturity" feature, which provides that if the insured lives to age 100, having paid the "no-lapse" premiums each year, the full face amount of coverage will continue on a guaranteed basis at no charge thereafter.
Survivorship Insurance (also called 2nd-to-die Life Insurance) is a type of coverage that is generally offered either as Universal Life or Whole Life Insurance and pays a death benefit at the later death of two insured individuals, usually a husband and wife. It has become extremely popular with wealthy individuals since the mid-1980's as a method of discounting their inevitable future estate tax liabilities.
Congress instituted an unlimited marital deduction in 1981. As a result, most individuals arrange their affairs in a manner such that they delay the payment of any estate taxes until the second insured's death. A "2nd-to-die" life insurance policy allows the insurance company to delay the payment of the death benefit until the second insured's death, thereby creating the necessary dollars to pay the taxes exactly when they are needed! This coverage is widely used because it is generally much less expensive than individual life insurance coverage on either spouse
For more information or a free life insurance quote, visit www.survivorship.com.